ETAM


ETAM
ETAM (Heb. עֵיטָם). (1) The cleft in the rock where 3,000 men of Judah came to speak with Samson after he had slaughtered the Philistines (Judg. 15:8, 11). Some scholars identify it with ʿIrāq Ismāʿīn, 2½ mi. (4 km.) southeast of Zorah. (2) A village in the northern Negev, mentioned together with En-Rimmon (I Chron. 4:32) and identified with the prominent Tell Beit Mirsim, where remains of the Israelite period, including walls, have been found. (3) A city in the territory of Judah, located in the Bethlehem district according to a Septuagint addition to Joshua 15:59. It was fortified by Rehoboam together with Bethlehem and Tekoa (II Chron. 11:6). Josephus relates that it was one of Solomon's pleasure resorts and describes it as "delightful for, and abounding in, parks and flowing streams" (Ant., 8:186). It is most likely to be identified with Khirbat al-Ḥūḥ, a large tell with Iron Age remains, near Ein-Atan in the vicinity of the Pools of Solomon. According to the Talmud, the waters of its spring were brought to the Temple (TJ, Yoma 3:8, 41a), probably a reference to the aqueduct built by Pilate to catch the waters of the spring of Etam (Jos., Wars, 2:175; Ant., 18:60). A Kefar Etam is mentioned in the Mishnah (Yev. 12:6). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Kraus, in: ZDPV, 72 (1956), 152–62; Aharoni, Land, index; Press, Ereẓ, 4 (19552), S.V. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Etam — Developpement Logo de Etam Developpement Création 1916 Fondateur(s) Max Lindemann Personnages clés Pierre Milchi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Etam — may refer to:*Etam (Bible), several people and places in the Bible *Etam (biblical town), between Bethlehem and Tekoa *Etam UK, former British women s clothing retailer *Rock of Etam, hiding place of Samson …   Wikipedia

  • Etam UK — was a British women s clothing retailer formed by the French Etam Developpement. It traded until autumn 2005 when it and its own brand Tammy (often referred to as Tammy Girl by older customers) were purchased by Bhs Ltd (British Home Stores). All …   Wikipedia

  • ETAM — nomen viri. 1. Par. c. 4. v. 7. Item petra munita in tribu Iudae Iud. c. 15. v. 8. In qua postea civitas Iudae aedificata est, et a Robomao aedificiis munita. 1. Par. c. 4. v. 32. 2. Par. c. x1. v. 6. Lat. avis eorum, sive involutio eorum, vel… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Etam —    Eyrie.    1) A village of the tribe of Simeon (1 Chr. 4:32). Into some cleft ( top, A.V.,; R.V., cleft ) of a rock here Samson retired after his slaughter of the Philistines (Judg. 15:8, 11). It was a natural stronghold. It has been identified …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • ETAM — ● sg. ►IRC Et Toile À Matelas …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • Etam — 1. Sted på grænsen af Ægypten og ørkenen, som israelitterne passerede under udvandringen; tillige navn på den tilgrænsende del af ørkenen. 2. By i Juda, hvor ifølge Josefos Salomon s haver var; nu ain atân ved Betlehem. 3. En klippe, hvor Samson… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • ētam — s. ēta Ⅰ; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Etam (Bible) — Etam [Etam is distinct from the similar name Etham, spelled אֵתָם in Hebrew] (Hebrew: עיטם) is a proper name in the Bible. Etam means eyrie , their bird or their covering in Hebrew. There are five references to the name Etam in the Hebrew Bible:* …   Wikipedia

  • Etam (biblical town) — Etam ( Codex Alexandrinus : Apan, Codex Vaticanus : Aitan) is mentioned in Septuagint along with Teqoa, Bethlehem and Phagor (). In 2 Chronicles 11:6 it occurs, between Bethlehem and Teqoa, as one of the cities built for defense in Judah by… …   Wikipedia


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